History of all ancient nations and cultures records the existence of sacred mountains where the sky and the moon bond, places where people contacted with their Gods. As and illustration, the God Shiva-Meheshvara could always be fond on the top of the mountain Ba Phnom, even 72 Chinese emperors bring their sacrifices on the top of the mountain Taishan, Moses received the stone plates with the Gods commands on the mountain Sinai and etc.

Mountain with 1013 meters of altitude located in the north-east part of Macedonia, in the nearest surrounding of the village Kokino is a sacred mountain for the people that lived in these areas 3800 years ago. Archeological excavations and conducted archaeo-astronomical analyze of this site, located right beneath the mountain pick, had shown that we are dealing with an extraordinary rare combination of mountain sanctuary and ancient observatory build 3800 years ago and used in the following 1200 years.

Huge quantities of fragmented terracotta pots used in the Bronze and Iron Age are arguments confirming the importance of this place and mass visits in the ceremony days when special ritual ceremonies dedicated to the Great Mother Goddess and the God Sun were preformed, as well as the ceremonies dedicated to the successful harvest.

Archaeo-astronomical analyze has exposed the facts that the site has all characteristics of one well preserved ancient observatory with rarely seen uniqueness. Over the centuries people on this place observed and marked with specially crafted stone markers movements of the celestial objects, especially those of the Sun and the Moon. At the observatory there are also special markers identified and used for time measuring and development of the lunar calendar. The last one- development of the lunar calendar emphasizes the important role that this site had in the community life organization in practical sense while determining the days for performance of some of the agricultural and livestock breading activities, as well as in religious sense for determining the days for performance of the rituals and ceremonies linked to the worshiped goddesses dated in that period of human civilization development in these areas.

Huge number of well preserved and original contents of this site very quickly attract great attention among the world scientific public, due to what the Megalithic Observatory Kokino was ranked on the forth place on the list of the Worlds ancient observatories, published in 2005 by the American Space Agency-NASA.


  Supported by "Ministry of Culture of Republic of Macedonia"
, Archaeo Base 2006