Cosmogony myths and rituals have central role in each nation collective
conscience. Through them we receive the images of the beginning of the
times, of the Golden age when Gods-Creators divide the Chaos from the
Order, Good from the Bad and create the world according to the Gods
standards and principles of good and beautiful. Cosmogony myths provide
answers to two very important questions related to the perception of
the earthly, underground and celestial world. Answers that these myths
provide are not just on the questions how was the world created but
also to the question why the world is created. Cosmogony myths and rituals
something contains some local versions, but in most of the cases they
have common characteristics in all nations especially in the longer
periods distinguished as such in the human civilization development.
That can be explained as results of the same starting point i.e. observation
of the same celestial sky and movements of the celestial objects especially
of the Sun and the Moon.
Since 1982, on the territory of Republic of Macedonia systematic collection
of folk perceptions of the sky and celestial objects, earth, time and
climatic changes was undertaken. With other words ethno-astronomical
and ethno-metrological researches among Macedonian people were conducted.
In 2004 the book “Sky over Macedonia” by Gjore Cenev was publicised
representing the only such book at the moment
If we take into consideration the fact that this is the first attempt
of written recording of cosmogony myths and rituals of Macedonian folk
people, myths and rituals that pass orally from generation to generation
, then it is really amazing how they have survived so long.
Myths about the creation of the world, about Earth as the Mother Goddess,
God the Sun and sunny mountain, moon coming down on the Earth and transforming
into cow, images of the months as Gods, original division of the sky
on various star constellations etc., have nothing in common to the existing
Christian religion of the people. These myths have much deeper roots
going back to the beginning of the times. The fact that they survived
among the people beside all those various and numerous conquers such
as ancient Romans and Turks that stayed over centuries in these areas,
or along with the influences of different religions such as Romans,
Islamic and Christian is obvious evidence of the vitality and deep bounds
with the collective conscience of the people.
Sources of information used for this book, as well as sources of all
other information can be used for further anthropological analyzes of
Macedonian people but also as a base for development of a comparative
analyze of Macedonians with other nations of the world.